I passed six or eight subjects and moved on to the next course. The main thing is to have a "pass" at the seminar, or at least "three" in the exam.
In Europe, grades do not play a key role either if the student is not seeking a scholarship. However, in order to move on to the next course, it is not enough to pass all the necessary exams - you also need to gain the required number of points - credits. What is "credit", what are the advantages and disadvantages of this rating system?
European universities operate according to the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS). Credit is the term used to assess a student's knowledge. Students are often commissioned to write their homework in an essay service that is a ready for your assignments 24/7!. This is very useful for some students.
The credit assessment system was introduced as part of the Bologna Declaration to simplify communication between universities in different countries, increase student mobility and unify the higher education system.
According to the official information on the university website , in three years of study, Yulia needs to gain 180 credits in order to be admitted to passing state exams and defending her thesis.
The subjects studied are divided into three categories:
- obligatory (povinné předměty). The total number of ECTS credits for these subjects is 126 (see link). You need to listen to them, and in certain semesters. Transferring these subjects and retaking exams in them are the most problematic.
- compulsory with a choice (povinně volitelné předměty). These subjects are usually grouped into several thematic blocks, and the student needs to select several subjects from each block. At the same time, he must collect the minimum number of credits for each block and a certain number of credits in total. The total number of credits for “povinně volitelné předměty” from journalists is 30. At the same time, for example, the minimum number of credits in the block “Creative laboratories: print and photo” (Tvůrčí dílny - tisk a foto) is four. Each item in this block is worth two credits. This means that the student will have to attend at least two courses from the block (see screenshot).
- items of choice (volitelné předměty) . Future journalists need to attend at least one course for two credits from this group.
What is the plus of the European credit system?
- Since the ECTS system operates in universities of all countries that have signed the Bologna Declaration, this significantly increases student mobility .
She remembers that she still lacks 20 credits to transfer to the third year, so at a Spanish university she chooses subjects in her specialty and in such a way as to gain the missing points. Upon returning home, Julia brings confirmation to the dean's office of the faculty: she attended all courses and passed tests and exams. Points - credits - are credited to her at a Prague university, and Julia calmly goes to the third year. Sometimes students need to write a review of a book. When a student does not cope with this task, he seeks help from essayassistant.org/book-report-help. Many students follow this path.
- The credit system enables responsible students to set their own timetable.
Let's say our Julia knows that she needs to get 60 credits in the first year of her studies. But at the same time, for the summer semester, she was offered a good part-time job in her specialty - an internship on Czech television - and this cannot be refused. Starting from February, there will be little time left for studies, Yulia understands. Therefore, it makes sense to strain: for the winter semester, she writes down eight to ten subjects at once. For them - she counted - she will receive 45 credits. Thus, in the summer semester, she will only have to earn 15 credits. If we assume that an item "weighs" 5 credits, then these are three items. You can already try to combine this workload with work. When students at this university are given the task of writing a case study, some turn to the essay service (https://essayassistant.org/case-study-help/). Because students do not always have time to do all their homework on their own.
- The ECTS system allows you to select subjects that are really interesting.
Of course, you will have to "survive" the block of compulsory subjects, but within the other two blocks you can find many interesting disciplines with a practical bias, including from other faculties. Journalist Julia, as we remember, is passionate about Spain. Therefore, before spending a semester in Barcelona, she enrolls in a Spanish course at the Faculty of Philosophy.
- The ECTS grading system facilitates transfer to another faculty or university.
And again we remember Yulia. She studied two courses in Prague, visited Spain, and suddenly realized that she was interested in a narrow direction - reporting from fashion shows. I wanted to interview designers and fashion photographers. Fashion cradle is known to be Paris. Julia learned French in high school and speaks it at the right level. "So maybe I should change the university and go to study in the French capital?" She muses.
Perhaps in Paris she will have to start all over again: entrance exams, first year, and so on. However, if Julia chooses a university and a faculty with the most related specialty, then theoretically she can partially credit the credits for the courses she attended in the Czech Republic and Spain. And, perhaps, she will start her studies not from the first, but at least from the second year.
What are the disadvantages of the credit education system in Europe?
- When you have the opportunity to choose, it is easy to overestimate your strengths and curse your courage during the session at the beginning of the semester.
When scheduling and recording subjects, it is worth thinking not only about getting more credits, but also finding out what it takes to get a "credit" in a particular discipline. In the case of compulsory subjects, there is no choice. But let's say you find a couple of items in the list "povinně volitelné předměty". Both "weigh" two credits and interest you about the same. However, for the "pass" in the first discipline, you need to pass two intermediate tests and one final one, write three essays and make a presentation. "Test" in the second subject will cost "little blood" - one test and one essay. The choice in this case is obvious.
- The European system of transfer and accumulation of credits does not give a complete picture of the student's knowledge.
In the appendix to the diploma, only a list of the disciplines listened to will be indicated. How successfully the student passed intermediate tests, made presentations, worked in a team with fellow students on common projects, etc. it is not clear from this document.
- The ability to choose subjects presupposes a clear understanding of the student about "who he wants to become when he grows up."
Let's go back to Yulia the journalist. She:
- She understands what the profession of a journalist is and is sure that she wants to build a career in this field.
- Represents - at least roughly - what skills and abilities she needs to have in order to become a good journalist.
- She knows that the more foreign languages she has in her “asset”, the wider the horizons open before her. Therefore, she travels to Barcelona for a semester, and enrolls in a Spanish course at the University of Prague. And later, as we remember, French will also come in handy.
- She realizes that in journalism she is interested in the genre of reporting, and therefore, whenever possible, selects those subjects that are directly or indirectly related to this.
Etc. But it also happens that the student at the time of admission:
- It is mainly guided by the opinion of the parents.
- Dreams of a specific profession, but does not fully understand what exactly awaits him in practice.
- I'm not at all sure what he wants to do in life. And he ended up in university X simply because he applied to several European schools, but he was accepted only here.
With such a vague picture of the world in the very first semester, disappointment can come: “Not mine, I don’t want to, I won’t. Where did I end up? " The freedom of choice in the form of a credit system will only aggravate the situation.
Sincerely yours, Viola Rose. This world will be saved only by the spiritual renewal of the whole population.